Research & Publications

Why are municipalities not publishing procurement information on their websites and the eTender Portal?
Dullah Omar Institute and International Budget Partnership-South Africa
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22 May, 2023

This report presents the findings of a study conducted by the Dullah Omar Institute (DOI) in partnership with the International Budget Partnership South Africa (IBP-SA). The study examined the state of transparency in local government procurement, in particular the reasons why municipalities do not publish key procurement information on their websites and National Treasury’s eTender Portal timeously and consistently. Procurement information in this context includes tender notices, tender specifications, and tender awards.

Constitutionalism and the Economy in Africa
Charles M. Fombad and Nico Steytler (eds)
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11 Nov, 2022

This book offers a range of comprehensive arguments and case studies that will be of interest and use to academics, post-graduate students, judges, lawyers, economists, and policy makers involved in the economic role of the State, the impact of globalization, and the constitutional foundations for land and natural resources exploitation.

Contemporary Governance Challenges in the Horn of Africa
Charles Manga Fombad, Assefa Fiseha, Nico Steytler (eds)
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06 Sep, 2022

This book argues that a leading cause of the political instability in the Horn of Africa is a crisis of governance, caused by extreme centralization of power, weak institutions, and the failure to institutionalise the responsible use of authority.

Metro OBS 2021
Dullah Omar Institute (DOI) and IBP South Africa
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15 Feb, 2022

In 2021 the Dullah Omar Institute (DOI) and IBP South Africa conducted comprehensive assessments of the transparency and oversight of, and participation in, the budgets of five of the metros.

Local Government in South Africa: Responses to Urban-Rural Challenges
Jaap de Visser and Michelle R. Maziwisa
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30 Nov, 2021

The Dullah Omar Institute's Multilevel Government Project, with the support of the South African Local Government Association, produced the Country Report on South Africa in the framework of the H2020-MSCA-RISE-2018 project “LoGov - Local Government and the Changing Urban-Rural Interplay”.

How transparent is municipal procurement?
Dullah Omar Institute and IBP South Africa
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24 Nov, 2021

This report, which focuses on transparency in local government procurement, follows on the 2020 report titled "How transparent are municipal websites about the goods and services that municipalities procure?" In total, 34 municipalities were assessed for the 2020 report. The sample of municipalities was increased to 49 in the 2021 survey.

Framework for Coalitions in Local Government
Jennica Beukes and Jaap de Visser
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04 Nov, 2021

This Framework provides practical guidelines to political parties and councillors on the formation and management of coalitions in local government. It sets out the relevant law but also offers guidance on issues such as coalition agreements, kingmakers and the distribution of political offices.

Combating Corruption in Local Government in the Western Cape
Jaap de Visser, Jennica Beukes, Thabile Chonco and Tinashe Chigwata
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19 Oct, 2021

This report surveys the experience of local government stakeholders in the Western Cape with addressing corruption. The report was commissioned by the Western Cape Department of Local Government and supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. The report gives an overview of manifestations of corruption in local government, as well as the experience of local government stakeholders in detecting, investigating, and prosecuting allegations of corruption, involving local government officials and councillors.

The Legal Framework for Combating Corruption in Local Government in the Western Cape
Jaap de Visser, Nico Steytler, Tinashe Chigwata and Jennica Beukes
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19 Oct, 2021

This report details the legal framework for combating corruption in municipalities. It was commissioned by the Western Cape Department of Local Government and supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. It presents an overview of the law applicable to detecting, investigating, and prosecuting allegations of corruption, involving local government officials and councillors.

Electing Councillors: A Guide to Municipal Elections
Jaap de Visser and Nico Steytler
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18 Oct, 2021

The Manual provides us with further insight into the electoral process and will ensure that the various role-players are suitably informed of the rules and regulations governing them. We hope in particular that citizens, the media, political parties and their candidates take note of these legal prescripts.

FACT SHEETS ON DECENTRALISATION IN AFRICA: A SHORT-CUT GUIDE
Jaap de Visser, Nico Steytler and Tinashe Chigwata
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10 Aug, 2021

A growing number of African countries are considering passing or implementing reforms that include some form of decentralisation. There is thus a demand for clear and accessible materials that would assist policymakers, practitioners, students and members of the public to better understand the various concepts and mechanisms associated with decentralisation. A few countries on the continent are considering or implementing federalism, while many more are weighing up or are already implementing decentralised systems of government.

Democracy, Elections, and Constitutionalism in Africa
Charles M. Fombad and Nico Steytler
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18 May, 2021

The third wave of democracy that reached African shores at the end of the Cold War brought with it a dramatic decline from 1990 onwards in dictatorships, military regimes, one-party governments, and presidents for life. Multiparty democracy was at the core of the constitutional revolutions that swept through most of Africa in those watershed years. However, that wave is either losing momentum or receding - or being reversed in its entirety.

Report on Hung Councils in South Africa: Law and Practice
Jennica Beukes
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01 Apr, 2021

Coalition governments across South Africa's municipalities have mostly been unstable. Are there any mechanisms or rules that can be adopted to facilitate stability in coalition governments? Does the law need to be reformed to accommodate coalition governments in local government? How can existing structures in local government be used to structure coalition governments in a way that parties are encouraged to cooperate in the coalition? This paper discusses coalition governments in municipalities and offers insight into these questions.

The Value of Comparative Federalism: The Legacy of Ronald L. Watts
Nico Steytler, Balveer Arora and Rekha Saxena (eds)
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13 Dec, 2020

This book explores new avenues of international research in comparative federal studies. It re-examines the conceptual tools and methodologies for understanding federal systems, and the role of comparative federalism in the dissemination and implementation of federal concepts. It highlights the influence of comparative federalism on constitution-making as well as constitutional reforms.

The Journey to Transform Local Government
Tinashe C Chigwata, Jaap de Visser and Lungelwa Kaywood (eds)
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04 Dec, 2020

The Journey to Transform Local Government is about the challenges and opportunities for municipalities in South Africa as they journey towards delivering on the promise of developmental local government.

Local Government Reform in Zambia: The 2016 Constitution’s Framework for Devolution
Tinashe C Chigwata, Nico Steytler, Jaap de Visser and Frank Kunda
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02 Sep, 2020

Local Government Reform in Zambia: The 2016 Constitution’s Framework for Devolution is the first book that assesses the framework for devolved governance as provided for in the 2016 Constitution of Zambia. Experts from various fields discuss the motivation behind the adoption of devolution in Zambia. They explore what the framework for devolution entails and how it can be implemented in practice. This in-depth analysis of local government reforms in Zambia was edited by Tinashe C Chigwata, Nico Steytler, Jaap de Visser and Frank Kunda.

Transparency in local government procurement during COVID-19
Carlene van der Westhuizen, Tinashe Chigwata and Jaap de Visser
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10 Jul, 2020

Municipalities procure goods and services from private entities almost daily. These goods and services are often essential for ensuring the provision of basic amenities such as water, sanitation, electricity, and refuse removal.

Webinar on Municipal Budgeting and Planning During COVID-19: Key issues and observations from the Webinar
Jaap de Visser and TC Chigwata
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11 Jun, 2020

The first of a series of webinars on local government and COVID-19, hosted by the Dullah Omar Institute and the International Budget Partnership, took place on 04 June 2020, in partnership with the South African Local Government Association. The webinars aim to promote best practices pertaining to transparency and responsiveness in local government during the era of COVID-19.

MUNICIPAL BUDGETING AND PLANNING DURING COVID-19
Jaap de Visser and TC Chigwata
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01 Jun, 2020

A municipality’s Integrated Development Plan is a five-year strategic plan, where the many interests, wishes and preferences of a municipal community are mediated and put into action. The municipality’s budget allocates resources to this plan. Each year, municipalities review their IDPs and pass a budget for their financial year, which runs from 1 July to 30 June.

Decentralization and Constitutionalism in Africa
Charles M. Fombad and Nico Steytler (eds)
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10 Sep, 2019

This collection of essays assesses the efforts of African governments to constitutionalise decentralisation, be it in the form of federalism, local government or traditional authorities.

Report back: International Conference on 2019 National and Provincial Elections
Jacob
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19 Jun, 2019

On 25 April 2019, the SARChI Chair, Dullah Omar Institute, and Department of Political Studies (UWC) held an International Conference focusing on National and Provincial Elections of 8 May 2019. The key questions at the conference were: Populism, provincialism, womxn, and election credibility The national and provincial elections of 8 May 2019 are regarded by many as the most important since the first democratic elections of 1994. Four key questions were addressed by four panels of experts, with some placed in an international comparative perspective. This event was part of a series of roundtables on human rights and democracy.

Implementing SPLUMA: A Review of Four 'Post-SPLUMA' Provincial Planning Bills
Xavia Poswa and Jaap de Visser
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25 Oct, 2017

The legal framework for spatial planning and land use management in South Africa is undergoing considerable change with a new national Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act of 2013 (SPLUMA) and the adoption of municipal planning by-laws throughout the country. The Constitution permits provinces to also pass laws on the matter. Of the nine provinces, the Western Cape is the only province that has passed 'post-SPLUMA' provincial legislation. This report conducts an interim assessment of how some of the other provinces are approaching this issue. It analyses four provincial planning bills of Mpumalanga, North West, Free State and Limpopo.